ADD/ADHD is diagnosed in about 11% of children, with boys affected three times more often than girls. Catherine Meli, MD, and Naheed Rahmet, MD, at Seashore Pediatrics perform comprehensive evaluations to determine if your child’s symptoms are ADD/ADHD, and then they provide customized treatment that gives your child the opportunity to overcome their challenges and succeed at school. If your child is inattentive or hyperactive and you’d like ADD/ADHD evaluation and treatment, call the office in Wall Township, New Jersey, or book an appointment online.
The first thing to know is that your child with ADD/ADHD is not purposely misbehaving or being oppositional. Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) develop when certain areas of the brain don’t work properly.
Brain imaging studies in children and adults with ADD/ADHD show dysfunction in parts of the brain that control attention, sensorimotor activities, and a group of skills called executive function. Executive function refers to brain abilities that allow you to exert self-control, direct your activities, and achieve goals.
ADD/ADHD is typically diagnosed between the ages of three and seven. Symptoms can improve with treatment, but in most cases, the challenges persist into adulthood.
ADHD is identified by three groups of symptoms: inattentiveness, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Children diagnosed with ADD only have problems with inattentiveness. In ADD and ADHD, the symptoms are severe enough to interfere with daily life at school, in the community, and at home.
Examples of behaviors found in each category include:
Hyperactivity and impulsivity:
Children with ADD/ADHD also have poor working memory. This makes it hard for them to keep information in their head long enough to use it to guide their behavior.
The doctors at Seashore Pediatrics conduct a full ADD/ADHD evaluation and screening to determine whether your child has the disability and, if so, whether it’s ADD or ADHD. Then they develop a customized treatment plan that may include medications, education, or behavior modification.
Most children respond well to medications called stimulants, but don’t let the type of drug worry you. These stimulants boost the number of brain chemicals that improve attention and reduce hyperactivity.
With the proper medication, about 90% of children are able to focus and ignore distractions, which makes a big difference at school and home.
Children with ADD/ADHD also benefit from behavioral therapy. This type of therapy is designed to teach them ways to change unwanted habits and behaviors and help them learn to become more organized.
If your child struggles at school and seems inattentive or hyperactive, call Seashore Pediatrics or book an appointment online.